Table of Contents ↓
- WHAT ARE TERPENES?
- THE TERPENE PROFILE
- THE ENTOURAGE EFFECT
- TERPENES BEYOND CANNABIS
There are aromatic compounds found throughout nature which give cannabis, tea trees, and many other plants their signature scents and flavors. These compounds are terpenes, also called "terps" by cannabis concentrate enthusiasts. They not only affect aroma but can also greatly impact the experience of using cannabis and other herbs.
So what are terpenes? Read on to discover the different types of terpenes, their aromas & effects, and so much more.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes, often simply called terps, are organic compounds found in a variety of plants, including hemp and cannabis plants.
What Is A Terp?
'Terp' is just a shorthand way of saying terpene, so a terp is a terpene!
The Terpene Profile
While THC and CBD might dominate cannabis discussions, it's the terpene profile of different cannabis strains that really set them apart. This profile outlines the specific terpenes present, which can greatly influence the overall effects and experience. To create these profiles, hemp and cannabis testing labs run a test called terpene analysis.
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There are two types of the terpene pinene – alpha-pinene and beta-pinene. As the name suggests, this terpene has an aroma of pine trees.
Pinene Terpene Effects:
The effects of pinene are diverse. While alpha pinene may improve airflow to the lungs and help with memory, both forms can potentially reduce inflammation.
Beta caryophyllene has a spicy, peppery aroma, and is also present in black pepper.
Caryophellene Terpene Effects:
This terpene has the potential to reduce inflammation and many believe it relieves pain.
Found in the peels of citrus fruits and other plants, it exhibits a vibrant citrus scent. It is used in medications for obesity, cancer, and bronchitis, but some argue there is little evidence for its effectiveness. The Limonene terpene is also used as a flavoring in foods, beverages, and chewing gum.
Limonene Terpene Effects:
Limonene's effects are uplifting and many associate this terpene with stress relief and elevated mood. It acts as an antioxidant in the body and may help lower the risk of certain cancers and signs of aging by reducing oxidative stress.
Found in mangos and other citrus fruits, Myrcene has a citrus aroma with earthy undertones.
Myrcene Terpene Effects:
Myrcene offers calming and sedative effects.
Present in hops and wood, the Humulene terpene has an herbal aroma.
Humulene Terpene Effects:
Humulene may have anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, and anti-bacterial properties. It is also believed to be effective in fighting tumors.
The Linalool terpene has a floral lavender aroma with spicy and woody undertones. Linalool is present in lavender, basil, and indica cannabis plants.
Linalool Terpene Effects:
You can find the Linalool terpene in lavender oil which is commonly used for its anti-anxiety and sedative effects. It can also protect the immune system from stress and has been shown to have antimicrobial properties.
Click below to view our Terpene Chart. This chart features a list of terpenes and effects:
The Entourage Effect
Terpenes can contribute much more than their own individual effects. When combined with cannabinoids in cannabis products, there's a synergistic effect known as the "entourage effect".
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This means that the combined effects of cannabinoids and terpenes can be greater than their individual effects. For instance, the Blue Dream cannabis strain has a unique terpene profile that many users believe adds to its therapeutic effects.
Terpenes Beyond Cannabis
Terpenes aren't only present in hemp & cannabis plants. They're present in many plants, like tea trees, which offer a range of health benefits. And, you can find terpenes in many products beyond the weed flavouring in cannabis. From essential oils to sleep aids, terpenes play a significant role in many industries.
Terpenes, with their diverse aromas and distinct flavors, play an important role in how we experience cannabis and many other plants. As research continues, we're discovering more about how these compounds interact with the human body. We are also learning more about the benefits they may provide, from pain relief to relaxation.
So, the next time you're enjoying some terpene rich CBD concentrates or other terpy cannabis products, thank the terpenes.